The “Centro de Geologia da Universidade do Porto (CGUP)” was created in 1978. In 1994, the JNICT (former FCT) proposed the re-organization of R&D Units and the CGUP made is first candidature to the “Pluriannual Funding of R&D Units Programme”. The first statues of the Unit were defined in July 1997 after FCT constitution. The objective of the Unit was the development of pure and applied R&D actions in the field of Earth Sciences.
By 31st December 2002, with a total of 35 researchers (23 PhD, 2 MSc and 10 Geology graduates) the unit was organised in 3 Research Projects:

TRANSMASS - Mass Transfer in the Genesis of Mineral and Water Resources
Scientific leader: Frederico Sodré Borges;

PETROGAS - Energy Resources and Environment: Prospecting/Exploring for Liquid and Gaseous Hydrocarbons
Scientific leader: M.J.Lemos de Sousa (until December 2004) and Deolinda Flores (since January 2005);

REMIGAIA - Geology, Evaluation and Environmental Impact of Mineral Resources
Scientific leader: Fernando Noronha.

Until May 2004 the coordinator of the Unit was Manuel João Lemos de Sousa. Since then, the unit is coordinated by Fernando Noronha.
By March 2007 with the new adopted criteria of FCT for eligible doctors, 39 members, 18 of each with PhD, 9 PhD students and 11 collaborators, composed the Unit.

In June 2007, the researchers of the "Centro de Ciências da Terra” (CCT) of the University of Minho and another PhD researcher of Porto University decided to join the CGUP, adding 9 PhDs as integrated researchers. The “Centro de Ciências da Terra” (CCT) was created in 2002 aiming the promotion of scientific research in various domains of Earth Sciences. It was organised in 3 research projects:

LITHODYN - The Lithosphere Dynamics –
Scientific leader: Graciete Dias;

SURINEN - Surface Dynamics and Environment
Scientific leader: Helena Granja

GEOSOC - Geology and Society
Scientific leader: José Brilha.

By December 2007 the CGUP research team was constituted by 31 PhD members (eligible doctors), 19 coming from the (old) CGUP, 10 from the CCT and 2 from IBMC. This new structure was organised in three research areas presently active:

GEODYN - Geosphere Dynamics
Scientific leader: Maria Anjos Ribeiro

GEOREMAT: Geological Resources and Materials
Scientific leader: Fernando Noronha

ENVISED: Environment, Society and Education
Scientific leader: José Brilha

Nowadays, the research activities of CGUP are focused in the global unifying theme Georesources and their contribution for a Sustainable Society. This global theme promotes the interchange of staff and results between two Research Groups that compose CGUP (GEOREMAT and ENVISED). These two Groups have resulted from a new internal arrangement following the Advisory Committee suggestion, which arises from the fusion of three precedent research groups (2008-2010) where the former GEODYN was incorporated in GEOREMAT due to its complementarity. The research structure was organised in the follwing two research areas:

GEOREMAT: GeologiCal Resources and Materials Research Group
Scientific leader: Deolinda Maria dos Santos Flores Marcelo da Fonseca

ENVISED: Environment and Society Research Group
Scientific leader: José Bemardo Rodrigues Brilha